Ways of protection

If you have HIV and you are not treated, you can infect other people, even if you have no symptoms yet.  

Only use your own injection material, or new material.
Take medicines during your pregnancy when you are HIV-positive.

In case of emergency

If you have been exposed to HIV, you can take a medicine called ‘PEP’. Take the medicine as quickly as possible (no longer than 3 days after unprotected contact). The sooner you start taking it after the unprotected contact, the higher the chance of not getting infected. Ask a doctor for help.

Man talking to a health professional

No longer risk of infection

If you take your HIV medicines correctly every day, the amount of HIV in your blood (viral load) lowers. After a few months it can often no longer be traced, though the virus is still in your body. There is then almost no risk that you will infect someone else.
Under certain conditions, it is possible for you to have sex without a condom with your steady partner (steady relationship) who does not have HIV:

  • If you take your medicines correctly every day, and
  • If, for at least 6 months, your viral load can no longer be detected, and
  • If your viral load has been checked less than 6 months ago, and
  • If you have no other STI and the mucous membrane of your mouth, anus, penis or vagina is not damaged.

Talk to a doctor and your partner if you want to have sex without a condom.

Couple talking
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