Sterilization for men
Sperm cells can no longer travel along the sperm ducts to the prostate and seminal vesicles, where the semen is produced.
After 3 months, the semen no longer contains any sperm cells. Only then can you stop using other methods of contraception.
Sterilization for women
The doctor blocks the fallopian tubes.
Sperm cells can no longer reach the egg cell.
Sterilization: the operation
The operation is usually performed under local anaesthetic in men, and under general anaesthetic in women. The operation is less risky for men than for women. After the operation, you can go home immediately, unless you have had a general anaesthetic.
Sterilization does not usually affect your libido or sex life. Men and women can still have orgasms.
Sterilization is a permanent method of contraception. Reversal of sterilization is difficult and not always successful.
Sterilization is very reliable.