The man’s visible (external) sexual organs are: 

The glans is the sensitive tip of the penis. The foreskin is wrapped around the glans. You can move the foreskin backwards and forwards. Some men are circumcised. They no longer have a foreskin, or part of the foreskin. 

The urinary meatus lies in the glans. 

Man standing. The focus is on the visible sexual organs.
Man's visible sexual organs are: 1. penis, 2. glans, 3. scrotum. Around the glans: 4. foreskin, inside: 5. urinary meatus.
Man's visible sexual organs are: 1. penis, 2. glans, 3. scrotum. Around the glans: 4. foreskin, inside: 5. urinary meatus.

Penis and scrotum

The penis has 2 functions:

  1. If the penis is soft: urine can leave the body through the penis;
  2. If the penis is hard (erection): semen can leave the body through the penis.

Semen and urine cannot leave the penis at the same time. 

A man who is aroused can get an erection. The penis swells with blood. Men often have a hard penis when they wake up in the morning. This does not mean they are aroused.

During sexual intercourse, the hard penis enters the vagina (penetration).

The scrotum contains the testicles.

1. Soft penis seen from inside, showing how urine can leave the male body
2. Erect penis seen from inside, showing how semen can leave the male body

Types of penises

The size and shape of the penis can vary. Some men have a large penis, others have a smaller one. Both the size of the erect penis and the non-erect penis can vary from man to man. Some men have a curved penis, others have a more straight one. The way the penis looks is not important for its functions or for good sex.  

Different penises: example 1
Different penises: example 2
Different penises: example 3
Different penises: example 4

Dictionary and translations

Looking for help? Find a health professional.

Help