Family planning and pregnancy: birth
Before the baby is born, the mother will have contractions: The muscles of the uterus will contract and tighten. This will push the baby down. Contractions are almost always painful.
There are several possibilities to relieve pain during labour:
- walking around
- breathing techniques that you have learned in a birth preparation course or elsewhere
- trying different positions
- a bath for relaxation
- using a device such as a heat pad or a birth ball
- asking for an epidural anesthesia if you are having your baby in a hospital. This is a injection in the lower back, which relieves the pain. You can get the injection while sitting or lying down.
You can choose a position for birth, for example
- lying on your side or back,
- hanging on a rope or cloth.
You can change the position during birth as often as you want. The doctor or the midwife will ask what position you would like. Doctors and midwives can usually accompany and care for you in every position.
Birth in a hospital or birth centre
When you arrive at the clinic or in the birth centre, you will be welcomed by a midwife.
The midwife will
- check your contractions and the heart beat of the foetus using a monitor,
- conduct an examination through the vagina,
- answer all your questions during labour.
A gynaecologist will be informed about the approaching birth.
During the birth your partner or any other person of your choice can stay with you.
The baby comes out through the vagina. The umbilical cord is cut.
10 to 30 minutes after birth the placenta will come out of the body.
Childbirth at home
If you want to have your child at home, talk to your doctor and midwife about it. If you have a normal pregnancy without risks, you can give birth at home. A midwife must accompany and care for you at home during birth. Find a midwife as early as possible in your pregnancy. Then you can prepare for the birth together.