Female genital mutilation is also called female circumcision.
Female genital mutilation can be done in different ways:
- partly or totally removing the clitoris (type 1);
- partly or totally removing the clitoris and the labia (type 2);
- sewing up the labia, leaving only a small opening for urine and blood to leave the body (type 3).
- all other harmful procedures to a woman’s visible sexual organs, for example: pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterizing.
Female genital mutilation is done for cultural reasons.
It is very dangerous to the health of women and girls. Some of them bleed to death.
It can also lead to:
- fear, stress, trauma, sometimes even shock;
- infections and diseases;
- pain during the menstrual period and while urinating;
- a higher risk of STIs and HIV;
- painful and complicated delivery for both mother and child;
- painful sexual intercourse and less sexual desire.
Female genital mutilation is illegal in Europe. It is forbidden by law.
If you have undergone female genital mutilation, or fear that it will be done to you, you can contact a specialised organisation for help.